Parashah #46: ‘Ekev (Because) D’varim (Deuteronomy) 7:12-11:25

Beth Elohim Messianic Synagogue

Parashah #46: ‘Ekev (Because) D’varim (Deuteronomy) 7:12-11:25

Haftarah: Yesha-yahu (Isaiah) 49:14-51-3

B’rit Chadashah: Ya’akov (James) 5:7-11 

This parashah is replete from start to finish with admonishment from YHVH to obey the mitzvoth (commands), rulings, regulations, and to fear Him. He reminds the Israelites that He was disciplining them throughout their 40 year journey in the desert, paralleling His discipline towards us during our wilderness journey. We are reminded that Adonai disciplines, humbles, and tests us in order to know what is in our hearts (Deut. 8:2). We must remember that He already knows whether or not we will obey His commands, regulations, and rulings; we are the ones who must be shown what is in our hearts. G-d’s testing, discipline and humbling forces us to look in our own, spiritual mirrors until we acknowledge the reflection is our own. Do we feel we can either “take or leave” Shabbat? The command is that we are to celebrate Shabbat as a holy convocation; that is a public assembly (Lev. 23:7). Choosing to meet with family or friends does not qualify unless it is to celebrate Shabbat together such as welcoming it in the home. Preferably, it is to be a public assembly where we meet with other believers and have a Torah teaching. Can we look in the mirror and honestly say we follow this command? We are to obey G-d’s commands, living as He directs; His way, and fear him (Deut. 8:6).  Otherwise, we are promised a one-way trip to destination hell (Deut. 8:19-20Revelation 21:8; 22:15). Chapter 10: 12 provides a summary of the life we are to live for G-d in 3 ½ lines: “So now, Yisra’el, all that Adonai your G-d asks from you is to fear Adonai your G-d, follow all his ways, love him[carry the testimony of Yahshua], and serve Adonai you G-d with all your heart and all your being [guard the commands of HaShem]; to obey, for your own good, the mitzvoth and regulations of Adonai which I am giving you today.” Another interesting point that ties the Old Testament with the New Testament, demonstrating the consistency of G-d and the Echad of YHVH and Yahshua is found in verse 16: Therefore, circumcise the foreskin of your heart… This verse parallels Romans 2:28 where Yahshua defines a “real Jew” as one who is circumcised physically and spiritually. In other words, a Gentile becomes a “real Jew” when the physical and spiritual commands of G-d are kept. A biological Jew is counted as a “real Jew” using the same criteria according to Yahshua who is also G-d. Although there are advantages for the biological Jew (Rom. 3:1-3), Jews do not have a patent on salvation.

Chapter 11:18 provides the detail previously taught in our synagogue about the mandate in the Sh’ma (Deut. 6:8) to physically wrap Tefillin around our hand (forearm) and forehead. This command was discussed in the parashah last week. No matter how we may try and justify not obeying this command, it is a command. We are to infuse our lives with Torah that implies 24-hour observance. We are to find time before we go to work, spend some time at lunch, and again spend some time in Torah study before going to bed. Daniel provides a perfect example of this practice (Dan. 6:11). Torah study can take many forms such as praying, mediating, reading from Torah, or performing a mitzvah.

Many clergy in Christianity teach there is no reason to fear G-d because He is all love. I submit this is taught because they do not understand the Hebrew translation or they want to add to the membership and church coffers. I agree that all Clergy hope to build up membership and secure the existence of their ministry. However, leaders must take care not to adulterate the Word of G-d and the objective in order to simply get more people to attend. True Torah teaching is a difficult message. After all, who wants to fear anyone if we define fear in the social context of having dread of someone who is going to harm us?  However, Hebrew to the rescue! The fear required in the command of yiryat HaShem (fearing G-d) cannot be equated to our cursory understanding of the word in English. At its most basic level, it consists of a fear of the consequences of our actions. Fear of G-d teaches us that G-d is not a vatran. A vatran is someone who forgives people for their misdemeanors even when they have not corrected their behavior. This concept is taught in many Christian churches; that all one must do is profess the Name and all will be forgiven. Trust and faith in G-d does not work this way. G-d has placed a system in the universe whereby if someone commits a spiritually negative action, as a consequence, he or she will be spiritually damaged. This is a simple cause and effect relationship that is validated throughout the Torah.

The Sages expound on this idea, explaining exactly what we should and should not fear. Let’s look at a seeming contradiction in Scripture and discuss what is taught in the Gemara in Berachot (a specific volume of rabbinical commentary on the oral Torah). King Solomon writes in Proverbs; fortunate is the man who is constantly afraid.” In contrast, Isaiah writes: those from Zion who are afraid are sinners.” The Gemara explains that the verse in Proverbs is referring to ‘divrei Torah’ understood to mean referring to spiritual matters. We only have control over our free will in spiritual pursuits. Therefore, the Gemara teaches us that it is correct to fear one’s own failure in the spiritual realm because we have control over it and have the ability to stumble. Have you been taught that we no longer stumble because G-d’s laws were nailed to the cross? Let’s look at what Paul has to say about this because Christians are taught that Paul’s words often override G-d’s laws: “Rom 7:14-25 “ For we know that the Torah is of the Spirit; but as for me, I am bound to the old nature, sold to sin as a slave. I don’t understand my own behavior- I don’t do what I want to do; instead I do the very thing I hate! Now if I am doing what I don’t want to do, I am agreeing that the Torah is good. But now it is no longer ‘the real me’ doing it, but the sin housed inside me. For I know that there is nothing good housed inside me- that is, inside my old nature. I can want what is good, but I can’t do it! For I don’t do the good I want; instead, the evil that I don’t want is what I do! But if I am doing what ‘the real me’ doesn’t want, it is no longer the ‘real me’ doing it but the sin housed inside me. So I find it to be the rule, a kind of perverse ‘Torah’, that although I want to do what is good, evil is right there with me! For in my inner self I completely agree with G-d’s Torah; but in my various parts I see a different ‘Torah’ [rabbinical Torah; Oral Torah; NOT G-d’s Torah] one which is operating in my various parts. What a miserable creature I am! Who will rescue me from this body bound for death? Thanks be to G-d, he will!- through Yahshua the Messiah, our L-rd” This does not mean we now have license to do whatever we want and rest assured we will be forgiven . Yahshua released us from the death indictment for imputed sin and provided a way for us to become reconciled to G-d and subsequently saved in the future. This way requires repentance and subsequent obedience on our part. There is no cart blanche with G-d, no careless observance designed “our way.”

In all areas of our lives we know, or should learn that G-d is in total control. Since He is the Creator and Sustainer of all things in the universe, it is foolish and wrong for us to be afraid that ‘bad things’ will happen to us- when HaShem is in control nothing truly ‘bad’ can happen. Our circumstances may certainly seem adverse or harmful as they are happening, but we must come to develop our trust in G-d the faithfulness of Yahshua and take peace in knowing there is nothing to fear when we trust our lives and souls to His care. The only thing we need to fear is the spiritual damage we can bring upon ourselves. Remember, trust means to follow, to worship, to emulate.

Haftarah: Yesha’yahu (Isaiah) 49:14-51:3

This is the second of the seven “prophecies of comfort” read between the Fast of the Ninth of Av and Rosh Hashanah. The exiled Israelites are concerned that G-d has abandoned them. G-d once again reassures them that this is not the case, comparing His love and mercy for His people to that of a mother for her children, and even greater. Again, we need to remember that mothers nurture, teach, and correct their children because they love them. So it is with YHVH/Yahshua.

Isaiah then touchingly describes the ingathering of the exiles that will occur with Yahshua’s arrival (Messiah). Returning to the initial subject matter of the haftarah, Isaiah reminds the Israelites’ rebellious behavior that prompted the exile and suffering. He concludes with encouraging words, reminding us of what had happened to our ancestors, Abraham and Sarah. Just as they were blessed with a child when they had all but given up hope, so too, G-d will send Messiah to provide us a way to become reconciled to G-d, giving us hope for eternal redemption and salvation when our lives on this earth end. Our lives on earth are not the end of the story.

B’rit Chadashah: Ya’akov (James) 5:7-11

“be patient therefore, brethren unto the coming of the L-rd. behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receives the early and latter rain. Be ye also patient; establish your hearts: for the coming of the L-rd draweth nigh. Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door. Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the L-rd, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. Behold, we count them happy, which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the L-rd; that the L-rd is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.”

In the above passage, James continues the thought of chapter 4:13-17. The reference to the early and latter rain is the acharit-hayamim (“the end of days”). The verse refers to the climatic pattern of Israel where the bulk of the rain falls between October and March. The early rain (yoreh) comes in October, and the latter rain (malkosh) which is rare, comes in April. A spiritual application of this term is that the early rain (yoreh) came at Shavu’ot (Acts 2), and the latter rain (malkosh) is coming at the L-rd’s return.  Verse 9 repeats the warning of 4:11-12. Verses 10-11 provide an example of suffering, mistreatment, yet being patient which provides us an example of the prophets and the perseverance of Job. We encounter the phrase “and you have seen the end of the L-rd.” A correct interpretation of this verse is “and you know what the purpose of YHVH was.” The purpose was to justify the ways of YHVH to man. Although this is something that YHVH does not owe us, in His kindness and mercy there are times He chooses to reveal His rationale for His interventions in our lives. Job’s “trouble” started when YHVH chose to answer hasatan’s challenge by permitting him to touch Job’s possessions and person without killing him. Job persevered in the face of extreme loss, pain, and criticism; not knowing why this was happening. It must have been even more of a challenge for Job because he was considered a righteous man before G-d. Most of us would probably wonder why we should consider loving and following G-d if this was to be our fate. Job, like Moshe before he climbed the mountain to see the Land, could not understand the bigger picture as he was climbing. So it was with Job and is often with us when we experience the furnace of refinement.  In the end, YHVH vindicated Himself and proved to Job and to us that only YHVH has the power and wisdom to deal with hasatan. We are forever and totally dependent upon YHVH Elohim for our lives, including our spiritual battles. We also learn from Job’s experience, that there is much more going on in the metaphysical realm as G-d works with us, refining us to be our best for His utmost glory. May we learn to keep this truth in our hearts and minds and allow the Spirit of G-d, the Ruach HaKodesh) to guide our spirits that our souls will find their place with YHVH/Yahshua. Remember, we are to discern the spirits, being ever watchful that we do not allow the spirit of HaSatan to infiltrate our hearts and minds. He is the great Deceiver and the only way we can know the difference is through diligent prayer, Torah study, and practicing what we learn with wisdom of discernment that comes from above.


Shabbat Shalom v’ baruch haba b’Shem Adonai

Rabbi Tamah Davis