Parashah #16 B’Shallach Sh’mot (Exodus) 13:17-17:16

             Beth Elohim Messianic Synagogue

Parasha #16 B’shallach (After he had let go) Sh’mot (Exodus 13:17-17:16) Haftarah: Shof’tim (Judges) 4:4-5:31

B’rit Chadashah: Revelation 15:1-4


We begin this week with G-d leading the Israelites out into the desert, the column of cloud by day and the column of fire by night 24 hours a day to lead them. One would think that there would be a sense of security in this as G-d promised He would lead them to the Land, good and spacious, flowing with milk and honey as He told Moshe in Ex. 3:8. Yet the people then like people now, forget the power of G-d and the kindnesses of others in helping them to achieve a closer relationship with G-d within only three days. Although they followed Moshe’s direction in setting up camp as G-d commanded (Ex. 14:4), as soon as they saw Pharaoh and his army approaching, all the trust and faith in Moshe’s direction and G-d vanished. How typical for us to do the same when things do not happen according to our plans! They began to complain by telling Moshe they had asked to remain in Egypt as slaves, rather than take a chance on G-d’s plan for them to escape. What a short memory they seem to have Let’s refresh it by looking back to Ex. 2:23: “ Sometime during those many years the king of Egypt dies, but the people of Israel still groaned under the yoke of slavery, and they cried out, and their cry for rescue from slavery came up to G-d.” How quickly we forget! Moshe’s response reflects his faith in G-d as he tries to console the people and calm them down instead of joining the complaining multitude. When Moshe entreats G-d, the response is as if G-d expected Moshe to know that all he had to do was lift the staff and spread his arms out over the waters to part them. Just maybe G-d felt that Moshe didn’t have as much faith as He expected of Moshe quite yet. The next statement of interest is found in verse 19-20 of Chapter 14; “Next the angel of G-d, who was going ahead of the camp of Israel, moved away and went behind them; and the column of cloud moved away from in front of them and stood behind them. It stationed itself between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel- there was cloud and darkness here, but light by night there; so that the one did not come near the other all night long.” Note that the angel of G-d went and the column of cloud stood. The column of cloud placed itself between Egypt (everything that represents sin) and Israel (G-d’s Chosen People). Can we equate this to Yahshua placing Himself on the execution stake to separate us from Egypt? The dark and light did not come near each other all night long. When Yahshua hung on the stake, He was separated from G-d for a time and “the skies became dark from noon until three o’clock in the afternoon, all the Land was covered with darkness. At about three Yahshua uttered a loud cry, ‘Eli!Eli! L’mah sh’vaktani? (My G-d! My G-d! Why have you deserted me?” Just as light and darkness were separated in our parashah, G-d (the Light) could not look upon the One who had taken on the darkness of sin. Also interesting is that crossing the sea seems to have occurred during the wee hours of the morning before dawn. Is it not interesting that we often use the cliché that things always seem the darkest just before dawn? So it must have been for the Israelites. Verse 14:24 tells us “Just before dawn, Adonai looked out on the Egyptian army through the column of fire and cloud and threw them into a panic.” Then in verse 27 “Moshe reached his hand out over the sea, and by dawn the sea had returned to its former depth.” By examining these verses we can see that G-d provided a light in the darkness. The people crossed the sea by night by the light of YHVH/Yahshua! Recall the verse in Psalms 119:105 “Your word is a lamp for my foot and light on my path.” All of the many documentaries on the crossing of the Sea of Reeds I have reviewed over the years explains this phenomenon using scientific explanations. It would be humorous if it were not so sad that the authors of these documentaries fail to acknowledge the One who is in charge of the universe and can affect His will using any and all natural or unnatural phenomenon which are all at His disposal (See Psalm 148:1-6).

The Israelites were following the “Kings highway” of sorts; the waters of chaos on either side, Egypt in all of its sin behind them, and a clean slate ahead. They are to move forward as it is written in Proverbs 4:25, “let your eyes look straight ahead, fix your gaze on what lies in front of you. Level the path before your feet, let all your ways be properly prepared; then deviate neither right nor left; and keep your foot far from evil.” God prevented the Israelites from looking back by making it dark behind them and lighting the way ahead. The short route, a direct path by caravan along the Mediterranean coast to Gaza takes only 11 days. But the “short” way would have been a sure route to their destruction because they were not well-grounded enough at this time in their trust and faith in G-d. They were all too ready to turn and run back to their captivity. So, G-d in His wisdom and love for His people, took them the long way home. Only after this most recent miracle did the people fear Adonai, believe in Him and in Moshe, but this fear and belief would be short lived. But for now, Moshe and the people rejoice with the song that is contained in Chapter 15. Miryam the prophet, sister of Aharon, joins in with her tambourines and all the women danced.

After only three days in the desert, the people start complaining again, this time about the water. Adonai provides for them, and at the same time made the laws and rules for life for them “and he tested them” (Ex. 15:25). It is the next verse where we first see the conditionality of salvation through the description of the diseases of Egypt; “ If  you will listen intently  to the voice of Adonai your G-d  [ not your neighbor’s pastor or rabbi, not your friends or neighbors, not the latest author of the most recent self-help book, or even your family] do what He considers right, pay attention to his commands and observe his laws, I will not afflict you with any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians; because I am Adonai your healer.”

Chapters 16 and 17 are filled with the grumblings and quarreling of the people (16:2; 17:2). These complaints are about food and water. G-d provides heavenly man (manna) to meet the needs of each person and quail for meat, teaching them through the manner in which He does it that we are not to go out and gather food on Shabbat. He also tries to teach the people that He will always provide for their needs. This is another example of G-d’s loving kindness toward a weak-faithed people at best. If G-d brought them through the Sea of Reeds, could they not assume He would feed and water them too? Moshe tells each family to gather just enough man for the family and not to hoard it. But, you guessed it! Some of the people hoarded the leftovers anyway. G-d intervenes and worms bred in it and it rotted. The lesson is that we are not to take more than we can use of anything. Of course man has not learned that lesson to this day. America is built on greed, and we brag about it as if it were something to be admired. The exception for storing manna is in preparation for Shabbat. For G-d even took a break on Shabbat and did not send manna that day. He rested as He commands us to rest on Shabbat. I’ve treated many people who work 7 days a week and the commonality is high blood pressure, extreme fatigue and stress, and poor eating habits. Another lesson we can learn from the 40 years of manna is that we do not need gourmet food and should not focus on food as we do, at least in America. All one need do is scan the TV guide and count the number of shows that focus on food in some way. We are obsessed with it and it is killing us. We should be satisfied with a simple diet. Look how much emphasis is placed on cooking, eating out and associated stress over what we are going to eat for the next meal. G-d did not intend that we should obsess over our meals. Keep it simple; that’s G-d’s way. Besides, when we train our bodies to enjoy simple foods, they seem to taste so much better; we actually enjoy the experience of eating as G-d intended.

Haftarah: Shoftim (Judges 4:4-5:31)

The events described in this Haftarah are similar to those in the parashah. In both cases, Israel was suffering under an oppressive ruler who was becoming increasingly oppressive and cruel. In the first case, G-d sent Moshe to lead them out under the guidance of YHVH/Yahshua (The Pillar of fire by night and the Pillar of cloud by day; also representing law and grace).The other similarity is that both cases describe G-d’s use of women, even as leaders, much to the chagrin of Christianity. In Egypt, Jochebed and Miriam were instrumental in saving Moshe out of the water. After the splitting of the Sea. Miriam led the people in a song of praise. In the Haftarah, it is Deborah who was the prime mover in both battle and song of praise. It was Deborah who G-d called to the task of dealing with King Jabin of Canaan and his general Sisera. Deborah describes the miracles that destroyed the enemy. She mentions the contributions of the Jewish tribes, praising those who heroically came to join the battle. She also castigates those who demonstrated profound cowardice and a lack of concern. She also turned the glaring light of truth on those who lack the morality of G-d’s Torah. She ends her song with “So may all Your enemies be destroyed, HaShem. And let those who love Him be like the powerfully rising sun.” “The land was quiet for 40 years.”

I want to address a few verses in this parashah need mentioning in the context of revealing Yahshua.  These include:  Ex. 13:22 “ neither the column of fire by day not the column of fire at night went away from in front of the people.”

Ex. 14:19 “next, the angel of G-d, who was going ahead of the camp of Israel, moved away and went behind them, and the column of cloud moved away from in front of them and stood behind them. It stationed itself between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel- there was a cloud and darkness here, but light by night there; so that the one did not come near the other all night long.”  The cloud by day is Yahshua. One might say He represents the attribute of grace, while the cloud of fire by night represents judgment. Can we then say that grace has replaced law? G-d forbid. Thankfully we see this is not the case because the column of cloud moves to the back of the people to the cloud of fire that provided light for the children of Israel while darkness prevailed for Egypt. Therefore, the cloud of fire and the column of cloud became One again, Echad; as He has always been and always will be. The Light of the world is clearly identified in these passages.

Ex. 14:24 “Adonai looked out on the Egyptian army through the column of fire and cloud and threw them into a panic” G-d looks through the lens of His judgment and grace as He deals with the Egyptians.

Ex. 16:4 “Adonai said to Moshe, ‘Here I will cause bread to rain down from heaven for you. The people are to go out and gather a day’s ration every day. By this I will test whether they will observe my Torah or not.”  Yahshua is the Bread of Life pouring Himself out for us from heaven for the taking if we seek to follow His Torah. He makes this very clear in this verse.

The cloud by day is identified as Yahshua (the angel of G-d) in Ex. 14:19. This angel is spoken of in other places for further verification including Gen.32:25 (some man), and Gen 18:17 (Adonai).

Not only is Yahshua identified in these passages, but they provide more proof if we need it that He is G-d who manifests Himself in any number of roles to accomplish His purpose for mankind!

B’rit Chadashah: Revelation 15:1-4

These verses speak of the conclusion of G-d’s fury, those who defeated the beast, its image and the number of its name standing by the sea of glass with harps given them by G-d himself. This event can be compared to our parashah where the Israelites stood at the Sea of Reeds and rejoiced after the destruction of the Egyptian army. Verse 3-4 reads “They were singing the song of Moshe, the servant of G-d and the song of the Lamb: Great and wonderful are the things you have done, Adonai, G-d of heaven’s armies! Just and true are your ways, king of the nations! 4 Adonai, who will not fear and glorify your name? Because you alone are holy, all nations will come and worship before you, for your righteous deeds have been revealed.”

The Song of Moshe reveals the might and justice of G-d, while the Song of the Lamb speaks of the testimony of Yahshua and exalts the justice of G-d. But unlike the Song of Moshe it also brings out that in the final judgment G-d is revealed as King of the nations, King of the whole world, as prophesied in Zech 14:9, so that the nations will come to worship before him. The Song of Moshe and the Song of the Lamb exemplify and support the co-existence of grace and law, and the theme of the seven-fold-witness in Revelation that defines a true believer in the word of Yahshua Himself. Indeed, He will have the last word on this subject when we stand before Him. May we be found to have been good and faithful servants.

Shabbat Shalom,

Rabbi Tamah Davis


The Pillar of cloud by day


Pillar of fire by night