N’filim Study: Lesson #3

Beth Elohim Messianic Synagogue
N’philim: Lesson 3

Thus far we have established that the N’philim exist and that they are the fallen angels also called the “sons of G-d” in Genesis 6:2. We also learned through careful research and deduction that these beings were most likely created before the six-day creation story starting with Genesis 1:1(see N’philim: Lesson 2). We also know that the N’philim are the hybrids of the sexual union between the “sons of G-d when they came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; these were the ancient heroes, men of renown” (Gen. 6:1-4).
Before we move to the next section of this study, I want to clarify the terms “ancient heroes” and “men of renown” as these two terms are the subject of much confusion when the Hebrew translations are not examined. The Chumash translates Genesis verse 4 that uses these descriptions as “They were the mighty who, from old, were men of devastation.” The Chumash commentary even goes on to say that descendants of Seth, while the daughters of man (implying less spiritual people) are iniquitous descendants of Cain. The result of such marriages was that Seth’s righteous offspring were enticed by the opponents of a godless, deprived culture, and suffered the fate that destroyed mankind” (p. 27). This explanation is not consistent with the context of the scripture that closely connects the “sons of G-d” with “the ancient heroes, were from old, mighty men who were men of devastation. This statement implies that these beings were evil from the beginning, unlike the righteous line of Seth.
The Chumash commentary also maintains that the “sons of the rulers” used to substitute for the translation “sons of G-d” that these were the sons of princes and judges because the term “elohim” (not capitalized in the Chumash) always implies rulership. The daughters of men in this view are simply daughters of the general population (R. Saadiah Gaon); the multitude being a lower class (Rambam, Moreh 1:14), who did not have the power to resist their superiors ( Radak). So, the line of thinking from this perspective is that the subjugation of the weak by the powerful is the meaning behind these two descriptions of the fallen angels. Again, this perspective is not consistent with the entire concept of a fallen angel, why they fell along with Satan I the first place, or that the daughters of men were indeed attracted to these giants who had very persuasive personalities as we learned in previous lessons.
The Septuagint, which was written in the late third century, a Greek translation of the Hebrew agrees with the translation “sons of G-d” rather than the “sons of the princes and judges” described in the Chumash which was written between 1929-1936.
At this point, I would be amiss if I did not discuss, at least briefly, The Book of Enoch as it relates to our study. Application to our study lies in Enoch’s description on the revolt of angels against G-d before the Great Flood. In our last lesson, we discussed the probability that the angels were created, and the fallen angels left heaven before the six-day creation period. The Book of Enoch describes these fallen angels, also called the Watchers of heaven, their agenda on earth, and their ultimate demise.
The First Book of Enoch is also known as the Ethiopic Book of Enoch that is considered a sacred book found among the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947. Historically it was originally accepted as a viable book of scriptures by Jewish and Christian assemblies. However, now it is presently pseudepigraphal, not included in any biblical canon. It is considered inauthentic and apocalyptic and was written mainly in the Hellenistic period of Judaism, dating from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD.
The Ethiopic translation taken from the Palestinian version of the Book of Enoch is the only version that remains today. The Palestinian version was translated from the original Hebrew doctrine. Enoch, who was the great-grandfather of Noach, is mentioned in the Book of Genesis, providing credence to his existence. According to scripture, he lived 365 years and is said to have walked with G-d and received divine knowledge. With scriptural evidence of his existence and the additional but brief information provided concerning his righteousness, being taken to heaven without dying, and his time with G-d, there is no reason to doubt the writings in the book.
Enoch I, also referred to as the Book of Enoch, consists of several works. The Apocalypse of Weeks, which is the oldest portion of the book, is thought to have been written before the Maccabean revolt in 167 BC. The later sections focused on cosmological and astronomical assumptions and are difficult to date. Possibly the Jewish Essene community influenced these later passages owing to their beliefs concerning celibacy, messianism, and the disposition of the soul after death. He describes what we read in scripture, that the fallen angels came to Earth to cohabitate with women, but he adds that they also transmitted divine knowledge to man. Some scholars believe the book is not authentic due to the different timeframes in which Enoch wrote each section. The argument is that the separate chapters seem to reflect religious trends of the time of writing, lending support to the idea that Enoch did not write the book himself but that it was a compilation of authors throughout time who simply borrowed his name.
Regardless of whether the Book of Enoch is authentic, the information contained within it concerning the fallen angels, their agenda, and their future destruction is consistent with G-d’s Torah. The Book of Enoch chapters 12-36 describe a Dream-Vision of Enoch. In his dream he is asked to intercede for the watchers of heaven, i.e. the angels, who were thrown out of heaven to cohabitate with human women. He writes out a petition made by the fallen angels, and then retires to await the answer, which comes to him in a series of visions. The petition to G-d is refused and Enoch tells them the final words of the message given him is that they have no peace and are doomed. In the second journey, the final punishment of the fallen angels is given, that they will be imprisoned forever.
Without getting into more detail on the writings in The Book of Enoch, the essence of the teaching is this:
“And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate, and the children of the Watchers, because they have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face of the earth, and let every evil work come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth appear: and it shall prove a blessing: the works of righteousness and truth shall be planted in truth and joy forevermore.”

So we now can say with a high level of confidence that the fallen angels were in no way connected with the righteous line of Seth, that the women with whom they impregnated with the satanic gene line chose to bare children for them who are the N’philim, and that they were the “sons of G-d” and not the sons of judges and rulers described in the Chumash. They were mighty (Chumash translation) men, erroneously translated as “heroes” in the King James Version, who from old were men of devastation, translated as men of renown in the King James Version.
Now I will explain the divine knowledge that Enoch indicated was taught to man by the N’philim. Chapter 7 reads “ And all the others (previous paragraphs name the leaders of the fallen angels) together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them charms and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants. And they became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand ells(each ell = about 6 handbreadths or 45 inches!)(Oxford Dictionary): Who consumed all the acquisitions of men. And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against them and devoured mankind. And they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish, and to devour one another’s flesh, and drink the blood. Then the earth laid accusation against the lawless ones.
Chapter 8 continues “ And Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and made known to them the metals (of the earth) and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of costly stones, and all colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and they committed fornication, and they were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways.” The identity of Azazel ranges from being a primitive name for Satan, to Satan’s son, to one of the leaders of the fallen angels. Islamic tradition identifies Azazel spelled Azazil in Arabic as the original name of Satan. I agree with this interpretation, the rationale for which I will explain.
Chapter 8 continues describing the various leaders of the fallen angels, describing the various eternal secrets such as astrology, constellations, knowledge of the clouds, signs of the earth and sun, and the course of the moon. “And as men perished, they cried, and their cry went up to heaven.”
The cries reached the heavenly archangels Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gavriel who took the petitions to G-d and told Him all that Azazel and the other fallen angels had and were doing on earth. This is the point where G-d (the Most High) declares to Uriel to the son of Lamech that He will destroy the whole earth with a deluge. He is to inform Noach and “tell him in my name “Hide thyself” and reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come upon the whole earth and will destroy all that is on it.” Uriel is then told to tell Noach how to prepare for the flood, that he and his seed may escape, and his seed preserved for all the generations of the world.
Chapter 10:8 provides more information on Azazel: “And the whole earth has been corrupted through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin. Yet Enoch does not indicate that Azazel is Satan. Rather, he is a demon bound and cast into darkness, confined to the day of judgement (Enoch6:3;9:7).
Strangely, all of humanities sins are ascribed to this demon. Yet, in Leviticus 16, we as Messianic believers realize the correlation that exists between the goat for Azazel (evil) that was sent out into the desert, symbolically taking on and representing the sins of man, and Yahshua who took on the sins of the world yet was rejected by his own people. His unselfish act of offering his life to atone for man’s sins was symbolized by the other goat that was sacrificed on the altar as the perfect Olah offering without blemish for G-d. This narrative in Leviticus 16 supports a conclusion that Azazel is synonymous with Satan.
In chapter 15 we learn the fallen angels are also given the designation of being evil spirits because they are the progeny of the giants produced from the fallen angels’ spirits and the flesh of women. Earth shall be their dwelling place as evil spirits. The spirits of the N’philim have a specific agenda which includes affliction, oppression, destruction, attack, fighting, causing destruction on the earth, and causing trouble. These spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them. Sadly, they will not be judged until the day of consummation, the great judgement in which the age shall be consummated over the Watchers and the godless.
Consolidating what we have learned in the first three lessons, we can safely conclude:
1. The fallen angels including Satan do exist.
2. The fallen angels were created before the six-day creation story in Genesis.
3. The fallen angels are synonymous with the name “Watchers.”
4. The fallen angels cohabitated with human women producing N’philim which are superhuman in many ways including in physical stature.
5. The terms “sons of G-d” may be correctly translated as ‘Sons of Elohim” but are not from the Godly line of Seth.
6. The fallen angels/ sons of G-d were mighty and destructive from the days of old. They were not the sons of rulers or judges.
7. The fallen angels through the N’philim taught humans the divine secrets such as cosmology, astrology, and other skills.
8. Azazel is synonymous with Satan as the one to whom all sin is attributed.
9. The battle for men’s souls will continue with the fallen angels working as evil spirits/demons until the day of judgement, when evil in every form will be eradicated for eternity.

Next week we will trace the path of the N’philim through specific nations.
Shalom v’brachas,
Rabbi Tamah Davis-Hart